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Evenk art

The functionality of all elements of the nomadic Evenk culture of the Evenki did not prevent the combination of brightness, laconicism and harmony in the Evenk art. In the fine arts of the Evenks, visual memory, observation, and the ability to expressively represent the main features and characteristics of images and objects were fully manifested. The fine arts of the Evenks are reflected in carving on bone and wood, forging and casting on metal, embossing on birch bark and, of course, in ornamental art when working with fur, fabric and beads. Stamping and wood carving were used to decorate saddles, cradles, utensils, and other household items. The ornament on the wood was predominantly geometric - triangles, rectangles, notches, stripes, etc. In some cases, dyes were used to decorate wooden objects. Various birch bark dishes and household utensils were also embossed. Products made of bone and horn were mainly used for household purposes - parts of harness, bows of saddles, handles of knives and staves.

Of the sculptural work on wood, the Evenks met only ideological (shamanic) attributes - images of spirits and shamanic symbols. The most famous such symbols include the Chichipkan idol, the Sevek-mo model of the world, the mentai guardian idols, etc. The Evenk art is most vividly and expressively presented in fur and leather clothing. Fur clothes were decorated with fur inserts of a different color and fur ornaments. To decorate light rovduzh (suede) clothing, embroidery and beads were used. The cut to the figure, varied ornament and harmonious combination of colors have always distinguished the clothes of the Evenks. It is not without reason that many researchers of Siberia unanimously noted the clothes of the Evenks, comparing it with the clothes of the "imperial guards" or the camisoles of the "Spanish grandees".

The Evenk kumalan rugs deserve special attention, which served not only in everyday life, but were also peculiar symbols of the tribal territories. Many works of Evenk folk craftswomen are a true treasure of folk culture.

The ornamental art of the Evenks is extremely diverse. Each group of Evenks has its own traditions, which are expressed both in the drawing and schematic arrangement of ornamental figures, and in the selection of colors.



Ornament from threads on fabric

Contemporary works of Evenk craftswomen (Yakutia)

"Muruchun" - a handbag for storing sewing supplies.

Contemporary works of Evenk craftswomen (Yakutia)

«Муручун» – дамская сумочка для хранения швейных принадлежностей. МАЭ

Contemporary works of Evenk craftswomen (Yakutia)

Элемент оленьей узды – нащечники. Конец XIX- начало XX в. Фонды Российского этнографического музей

Нагрудник мужской. Фрагмент. Мех оленя, собаки, камус, х/б ткань, бисер, металл. Вышивка, мозаика. Эвенки. Конец XIX – нач. XX в. МАЭ

Нагрудник мужской. Фрагмент. Мех оленя, собаки, камус, бисер. Вышивка, мозаика. Эвенки. Конец XIX – нач. XX в. МАЭ

Contemporary works of Evenk craftswomen (Yakutia)

Contemporary works of Evenk craftswomen (Yakutia)

Exhibition of Evenki applied art at the Bakaldyn festival, Yakutsk, 2014

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