Chuvans - the indigenous inhabitants of the Chukotka Autonomous Area, one of the Yukaghir tribes. By the arrival of the Russians to the Far East in the XVII century, they roamed in the upper reaches of the Anadyr River and along the Anyui River, engaged in hunting, fishing, and had deer. In the XVIII century, under the onslaught of the Chukchi, part of the Chuvans retreated to the Kolyma River and Russified, the other part was assimilated by the deer Koraks and Chukchi. The descendants of the Chuvans, who learned the Chukchi language and culture, began to consider themselves a special nationality.
An ethnonym of Russian origin, presumably from the name of the Chaun River. The Koryaks, the closest neighbors of the Chuvans, called them etylylgu, Chukchi - aetel. This Chukchi name eventually became the self—name of the Chuvans - etel, etal. There was another self—designation - chuvanchi.
According to the 2002 Census, the number of Chuvans living on the territory of Russia is 1087 people. Russified Chuvans live in the settlements of Markov, Ust-Belaya, Anadyr of the Anadyrsky district of the Chukchi National District, Chukot–speaking - in the Chuvansky and Vaegsky village councils of the same district and in the northern part of the Penzhinsky district of the Koryak National District.
The language of the Chuvans, presumably close to Yukaghir, has been lostThey speak Chukchi and the "Markov" dialect of the Russian language.