ИТЕЛЬМЕНЫ (от ительменск. «итәнмән» – «сущий», «живущий здесь»). – коренное население северо-запада Камчатки.
Known from Russian sources from the end of the 17th century like Kamchadals.
According to the 2002 census, the number of Itelmens is 3474 people. Currently, they are mainly concentrated in the villages Kovran, Tigil, Palana, Khairyuzovo of Tigil district, Kamchatka oblast, and most of the younger generation are descendants of mixed marriages.
Anthropologically, the Itelmens are included in the mainland group of populations of the Arctic small race of the northern Mongoloids. The peculiarity of the racial characteristics of the peoples belonging to this group (Chukchi, Eskimos, Koryaks, Itelmens), in comparison with other Siberian Mongoloids, consists in a certain weakening of the Mongoloid complex: a higher nose bridge, less flat face, darker pigmentation, protruding lips.