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ARCTIC MULTILINGUAL PORTAL

Winter transport

Skis

The Upper Kolyma Yukaghirs nomadic season began in winter, with deep snow. From their winter homes on skis and sleds, they headed to the upper reaches of the Kolyma River, where large poplars of ugurcheraa (угурчэраа) grow, suitable for making boats. Together, several Odul families, including women, the elderly and children, moved on skis. Possessions, covers of dwellings and weakened people were carried on sleds.

Yukaghir ugurche (угурчэ) skis are wider than those of other peoples of north-eastern Siberia. The length of the skis is 149 cm, the maximum width is 29 cm. In the Yukaghir fairy tale, a Tungus girl carries the body of a murdered brother on skis, using them as a sled. Hunting skis are lined with camus – the fur of deer paws. Golitsa skis were borrowed from russians, convenient for walking on wet, viscous snow. (read more)

Sleds

Forest Yukaghirs (Oduls)

The Upper Kolyma and Lower Kolyma Yukaghirs had sleds of various origins and designs, since the former sleds were intended for dogs, and the latter for deer. Both were used only on snow.

Yukaghir dog sleds (миидьии) are shorter, narrower and simpler than those of other peoples of eastern Siberia, made of birch. (read more)

The tundra yukaghirs

One deer was usually harnessed to the sled of the Nizhnekolymsk yukaghirs of Anibe (анибэ). By their design, they are similar to the Koryak-Chukchi’s, but they look rougher. All their parts are firmly connected with each other by means of straps. They also have curved semicircular hooves made of deer horn, to which crossbars are tied along the top of the body, forming a seat. The front ends of the runners, bent by a loop, and the horizontal arc with its curved part are attached to these crossbars. (read more)

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